BROWNING, ROBERT° (1812–1889), English poet who wrote many works of Jewish interest. Browning's appearance and associations combined to give rise to a report that he was of Jewish extraction, but this was wholly unfounded. Nevertheless, he knew Hebrew, was an assiduous student of the Old Testament (in Hebrew), had some knowledge of rabbinical literature, and always displayed strong sympathy for the Jews. During his long residence in Italy, he witnessed the degradations inflicted by the ghetto system in its last phases. The most famous of Browning's Jewish poems is "Rabbi Ben Ezra" (1864). It sets forth, in the form of a soliloquy, the optimistic philosophy of a Jewish sage, who may perhaps be identified with abraham ibn ezra . "Jochanan Hakkadosh" (1883) is apocryphal legend, Jewish in feeling as well as in title; "Ben Karshook's Wisdom" (1865) is a short, perceptive poem based on R. Eliezer's celebrated injunction that a man should "repent the day before his death" (Avot 2:15); and "Paracelsus" (1835) shows some understanding of the Kabbalah. "Holy Cross Day" (1855), another soliloquy, presents a Roman Jew of the 17th century forced to attend a conversionist sermon at Eastertide. Other poems by Browning of Jewish interest are "Saul" (1845) and "Solomon and Balkis" (1883), while Hebrew phrases or reminiscences may be found in "Doctor," "The Melon Seller," and "Two Camels." Browning showed his practical sympathy by supporting in 1881 a public protest in London against the persecution of the Jews in Russia. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: E. Berdoe, Browning Cyclopaedia (1892); J. Jacobs, Jewish Ideals (1896), 84–96; J. Kelman, in: Prophets of Yesterday (1924), 137–62; J.B. Lieberman, Robert Browning and Hebraism (1934). ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: D. Goldstein, "Jews and Robert Browning: Fact and Fiction," JHSET, 30 (1987–88), 125–34; R. Fowler, "Browning's Jews," Victorian Poetry, vol. 35 (1997); D. Thomas, Robert Browning: A Life Within Life (1983); M. Ward, Robert Browning and His World 2 vols. (1969); ODNB online. (Cecil Roth)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

См. также в других словарях:

  • Browning,Robert — Browning, Robert. 1812 1889. British poet best known for dramatic monologues such as “My Last Duchess,” “Fra Lippo Lippi,” and “The Bishop Orders His Tomb.” His work, including his masterpiece, The Ring and the Book (1868 1869), explored new ways …   Universalium

  • Browning, Robert — born May 7, 1812, London, Eng. died Dec. 12, 1889, Venice, Italy British poet. His early works include verse dramas, notably Pippa Passes (1841), and long poems, including Sordello (1840). In the years of his marriage (1846–61) to Elizabeth… …   Universalium

  • Browning, Robert — (1812 1889)    Poet, only s. of Robert B., a man of fine intellect and equally fine character, who held a position in the Bank of England, was b. in Camberwell. His mother, to whom he was ardently attached, was the dau. of a German shipowner who… …   Short biographical dictionary of English literature

  • Browning, Robert — ► (1812 89) Poeta británico. Obras: Paulina, Paracelso, Strafford, y Sordello (tragedias), y una serie de poemas dialogados. * * * (7 may. 1812, Londres, Inglaterra–12 dic. 1889, Venecia, Italia). Poeta británico. Sus primeras obras incluyen… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • BROWNING, ROBERT —    poet, one of the two greatest in the Victorian era, born in Camberwell; early given to write verses; prepared himself for his literary career by reading through Johnson s Dictionary; his first poem PAULINE (q.v.) published in 1833, which was… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Robert Browning — Robert Browning, Daguerreotypie von …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Robert Browning — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Robert Browning Robert Browning (*Camberwell, Surrey, 7 de mayo de 1812 †Venecia, 12 de diciembre de 1889) fue un …   Wikipedia Español

  • Browning — Browning, Elizabeth Barrett Browning, Robert * * * (as used in expressions) Browning, Elizabeth Barrett Browning, Robert Browning, Tod Charles Albert Browning …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Robert Browning — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Browning. Robert Browning …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Robert Browning — Infobox Writer name = Robert Browning caption = birthdate = 7 May 1812 birthplace = Camberwell, London England deathdate = 12 December 1889 deathplace = Venice, Italy occupation = movement = genre = notableworks = influences = influenced = Robert …   Wikipedia

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